Where Does The Name Xavier Come From – In this Spanish name, the first or paternal name is Yaso and the second or maternal name is Azpilicueta.
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Where Does The Name Xavier Come From
Francis Xavier (born Francisco de Yasso y Azpilicueta; Latin: Franciscus Xaverius; Basque: Frantzisko Xavierkoa; French: François Xavier; Spanish: Francisco Javier; Portuguese: Francisco Xavier; April 7, 1506 – December 3, 1552), known as Saint Francis Xavier, was a Spanish Catholic missionary and saint who founded the Jesus Society.
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Born in Javier (Xavier in Old Spanish and Navarro-Aragonese, or Javier, a Basque word meaning “new house”), in the Kingdom of Navarre (in former Spain), he was a friend of Ignatius of Loyola and one of the builders. The first seven Jesuits took the vows of poverty and chastity in Montmartre, Paris in 1534.
He led extensive expeditions to Asia, especially to the Portuguese Empire in the East, and was influential in evangelistic work, especially in early modern India. He was very involved in missionary activities in Portuguese India. In 1546, Francis Xavier proposed the establishment of the Inquisition in Goa in a letter addressed to the Portuguese king, John III.
While some sources claim that he actually asked for a special minister whose sole role was to promote Christianity in Goa,
He was also the first Christian missionary to go to Kalimantan, the Moluccas and other areas. In the region, struggling to learn the local language and in the face of opposition, he achieved less success than he enjoyed in India. Xavier was about to expand his mission to Ming China, when he died on Shangchuan Island.
Saint Francis Xavier
It was canonized on October 25, 1619 by Pope Paul V and canonized on March 12, 1622 by Pope Gregory XV. In 1624 he became the patron of Navarre. Known as the “Apostle of the Indies”, the “Apostle of the Far East”, the “Apostle of China” and the “Apostle of Japan”, he is considered one of the greatest missionaries since the Apostle Paul.
In 1927, Pope Pius XI issued the decree “Apostolicorum in Missionivos” in the name of Francis Xavier, together with Thérèse of Lisio, joint patron of all foreign missions.
He is now the patron saint of Navarre, along with Fermin. Navarre Day in Navarre, Spain, commemorates the anniversary of the death of Francis Xavier, December 3, 1552.
Francis Xavier was born on April 7, 1506 in Xavier Castle, in the Kingdom of Navarre, to an influential noble family. He is the youngest son of Don Juan de Yaso y Atondo, Lord Idoquin, President of the Royal Council of the Kingdom of Navarre, and of Xavier Castle (Doctor of Laws of the University of Bologna,
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Belonged to the prosperous noble family of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Pont, then Councilor and Minister of Finance of King John III of Navarre)
And Doña María de Azpilcueta y Aznarez, sole heiress of Castle Xavier (related to theologian and philosopher Martín de Azpilcueta).
His brother Miguel de Yaso (later known as Miguel de Javier) became King of Javier and Idoquin upon his death (the direct father of Count Javier).
In 1512, Ferdinand, king of Aragon and right of Castile, invaded Navarre and started a war that lasted more than 18 years. Three years later, Francis’ father died when Francis was nine years old. In 1516, the Franciscan brothers participated in Navarre-Perech’s failed attempt to expel the Spanish invaders from the kingdom. The Spanish governor, Cardinal Cisneros, seized the family’s land, destroyed the outer walls, gates and two towers of the family castle and filled in the moat. In addition, the height of the balcony was reduced by half.
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Only the family’s place in the palace remains. In 1522, one of Francis’ brothers, along with 200 Navarre nobles, took part in a stubborn but unsuccessful resistance against the Castilian count Miranda at Amayor, in Azten, Navarre’s last stand south of the Piraeus.
In 1525, Francis studied in Paris at the College Saint-Barbe, University of Paris, where he spent the next eleven years.
In 1529 Francis shared lodgings with Pierre Fabre who was free. A new stud, Ignatius of Loyola, came with them.
At 38, Ignatius is older than Pierre and Francis, who are 23 years old. Ignatius convinced Pierre to become a priest, but failed to convince Francis, who had ambitions for worldly advancement. At first Francis took the new tenant as a joke and was sarcastic about his efforts to transform the stable.
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When Pierre left the house to visit his family and Ignatius was alone with Francis, he was able to slowly break Francis’ resistance.
According to many biographies, Ignatius asked the question: “What does it profit a man to gain the whole world and lose his soul?”
However, according to James Broderick, this method was not characteristic of Ignatius and there is no evidence that he used it at all.
In 1530 Francis received his Master of Arts degree and went on to teach Aristotle’s philosophy at the Collège Beauvais, University of Paris.
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On August 15, 1534, seven disciples met in the crypt of the Church of Saint-Deis (now Saint-Pierre de Montmartre), on the hill of Montmartre, opposite Paris. They are Francis, Ignatius of Loyola, Alfonso Salamron, Diego Lines, Nicolas Bobadilla of Spain, Peter Fabre of Savoy and Simao Rodriguez of Portugal. He took personal vows of poverty, chastity and obedience to the Pope, and also promised to travel to the Holy Land to convert the infidels.
In 1539, after long discussions, Ignatius created the formula for a new religious order, the Jesus Society (Jesuit).
In 1540, King John of Portugal asked Pedro Mascara, Portugal’s ambassador to the Holy See, for Jesuit missionaries to spread the faith in the new things in India, where the king believed that Christian values had disappeared among the Portuguese. After persistent appeals to the Pope who, according to the Pact of Pedroado, requested missionaries to the East Indies, John III was encouraged by Diego de Govia, rector of the College Saint-Barba, to recruit the new students who founded the Society of Jesus. Based.
Ignatius immediately appointed Nicolas Bobadilla and Simao Rodrigues. However, with the last mother, Bobadilla was very ill. Hesitant and uneasy, Ignatius asked Francis to go to Bobadilla’s house. This is how Francis Xavier began life as the first Jesuit missionary almost by accident.
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Francis took the letter, the catechism and De Institutione be vivdi by the Croatian humanist Marko Marulić,
A Latin book that became popular in the Counter-Reformation. According to a 1549 letter from P. Baltasar Gago of Goa, this is the only book that Francis read or studied.
Francis arrived in Lisbon in June 1540 and four days after his arrival he and Rodrigues were summoned to a private audience with the king and line.
Francis Xavier devoted a large part of his life to the mission in Asia, especially in the four centimeters: Malacca, Amboina and Trenta, Japan and the coast of China. The growing information about the new place indicated that he had to move to what he believed to be the center of influence of the entire region. China has come a long way since its days in India. Japan is fascinating because of its culture. For people these areas are interconnected; They cannot evangelize themselves.
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Francis Xavier left Lisbon on April 7, 1541, his thirty-fifth birthday, with two other Jesuits and the new viceroy Martin Afonso de Sousa, aboard the Santiago.
When he left, Francis gave the commission from the Pope to appoint a nuncio envoy to the East.
From August to March 1542, he remained in Portuguese Mozambique, arriving in Goa, the capital of Portuguese India, on 6 May 1542, thirty months after leaving Lisbon.
The Portuguese, hastening to follow the great voyage of discovery, had settled in Goa thirty years earlier. Francis’ main task, as ordered by King John III, was to restore Christianity among the Portuguese colonists. According to Tautonio R. De Souza, real critical accounts show that in addition to the civil servants sent, “most of those sent as ‘inventors’ were the tribes of Portuguese society, taken from Portuguese prisons.”
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Soldiers, sailors, or merchants did not come to do missionary work, and imperial policy allowed disaffected nobles. Many come to make connections with local women and embrace Indian culture. Missionaries often wrote against the “scandalous and undisciplined” behavior of the Christians.
The Christian population has churches, clergy and bishops, but
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