Where Does The Name Torres Come From

Where Does The Name Torres Come From – 9°50′ south. with 142°30′ east. / 9.833° S. 142.500 Coordinates: 9°50′S 142°30′E / 9.833°S 142.500°E / -9.833; 142,500

Torres Strait from space – Cape York Peninsula below; towards Papua New Guinea in the north, several Torres Strait Islands can be drawn.

Where Does The Name Torres Come From

Where Does The Name Torres Come From

Torres Strait (/ˈtɒrɪs/), also known as Zadh Kess, is a strait between Australia and the Melanesian island of New Guinea. It is 151 km (94 mi) wide at its narrowest point. To the south is the Cape York Peninsula, the northernmost part of mainland Australia. To the north is the western province of Papua New Guinea. It was named after the Spanish sailor Luis Vaso de Torres, who sailed through the strait in 1606.

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People have lived on the Torres Strait Islands for at least 2,500 years and possibly much longer.

The various Torres Strait Islander communities have unique cultures and a long history of the surrounding islands and coasts. Their maritime trade and interactions with the Papuans of the north and Australian Aboriginal communities supported a continuous cultural diffusion between the three social groups, going back thousands of years.

The first European recorded passage of the strait was made by Luis Vas de Torres, a pilot who was second in command of a Spanish expedition led by navigator Pedro Fernández de Queiroz that sailed from Peru to the South Pacific in 1605. After Queiroz’s ship returned to Mexico, Torres continued planned route to Manila via the Moluccas. He sailed along the southern coast of New Guinea and discovered the strait that still bears his name today. This discovery, recorded on Spanish maps of the Pacific Ocean, later made James Cook’s voyage to Australia possible. Torres and his crew are not known to have seen the Australian mainland, which had been visited by Willem Janzun four months earlier, when she sailed to Duifka, without learning of the strait now known as Torres Strait. There is no clear record of Torres seeing the coast of the great country to his south,

In 1769, while translating some Spanish documents captured in the Philippines in 1769, the Scottish geographer Alexander Dalrymple found evidence by Luis Vas de Torres confirming a voyage south of New Guinea, now known as the Torres Strait.

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This discovery led Dalrymple to publish a historical collection of several voyages and discoveries in the South Pacific in 1770-1771, which generated widespread interest in his claim of the existence of an unknown continent. Dalrymple named the strait after Torres. Dalrymple was greatly disappointed that it was James Cook, and not him, who was appointed leader of the expedition that led him to confront the British in 1770 and follow the east coast of Australia.

In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook rounded Cape York, turned southwest and landed on Posesian Island. From the top of the hill he signaled to the ship that he could see a waterway through the dangerous strait. Later at Batavia, where he learned that Fritch had outflanked him across the Pacific, Cook turned this signal exercise into a takeover ceremony,

In 1823, Captain John Leehow, master of the 550-ton merchant ship Zobia of Calcutta, sailed from Manila to South America, choosing the Torres Strait route. Notably, this will be the first time a ship will cross the Torres Strait from west to east. According to the Sydney Gazette for April 1823: “This Essay on Nautical Knowledge was accomplished after the loss of four anchors and a rudder.” It was also the first time a ship had crossed the Coral Sea from the Torres Strait in the southeast to southern New Caledonia. On 27 February, Lichau sighted Sir James Saumarez Shoal (now Saumarez Reefs) and named the reef system after Vice Admiral James Saumarez. On this same voyage, Lihow discovered Lihow Reef and Keys and Port Lihow (originally called Port Yarborough, on the south coast of Prince of Wales Island).

Where Does The Name Torres Come From

The London Missionary Society arrived on Erub (Darnley Island) in 1871. Although some of the Torres Strait islands lie close to the coast of New Guinea, they were annexed in 1879 by the Quesland Colony, a British colony. A significant pearl industry existed from the 1860s until about the 1970s, when it collapsed due to competition from the plastics industry. Experienced divers came from many countries, especially Japan, to extract pearls.

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In 1978, a treaty between Australia and Papua New Guinea established the maritime boundary in the Torres Strait.

In the 1980s, Torres Strait Islanders wanted to give the islands a name that would be associated with their culture. The name “Magani Malu Kes” was originally proposed for the region, but later the abbreviation “Zadh Kes” was adopted, referring to the Torres Strait.

The acronym “ZADTH KES” was first derived from “Zey” (South), “Naygay” (North), “Dagam” (Place / Side), “Thawathaw” (Coast) and KES (Pass / Canal / Waterway).

Due to its proximity to mainland Papua New Guinea, the northern Torres Strait Islands sometimes receive cross-strait asylum seekers. A total of 2012 and 2013 was found for asylum seekers from Papua New Guinea.

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In 2016, residents of Prince of Wales Island informed the Australian Federal Police that they were trying to buy a boat from Sydney to reach Papua New Guinea and leave Australia without a passport.

The strait connects the Coral Sea to the east with the Arafura Sea and the Gulf of Karptaria to the west. Although an important international sea route, it is very shallow (water depth 7 to 15 m, 23 to 49 ft),

The maze of reefs and islands can make navigation dangerous. To the south, between Prince of Wales Island (Muralug) and the mainland, is the Devura Strait. Shipping passes through the Torres Strait via the Adolph Channel, which connects to the Great Barrier Reef Lagoon to the southeast. Strong tidal currents occur in narrow channels between islands and reefs, and large underwater sand dunes migrate across the seabed.

Where Does The Name Torres Come From

There are approximately 580 coral reefs, including the Warrior Reefs and East Patch Reefs, covering a total area of ​​2,400 km

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(930 square meters) in the region, and the area also has some of the most extensive seagrass beds in the world.

Several groups of islands lie within the strait, collectively known as the Torres Strait Islands. There are at least 274 of these islands, 17 of which have old permanent settlements. These islands have different landscapes, ecosystems and histories of formation. Some of those closest to the coast of New Guinea are in lowlands formed by alluvial sediments derived from local rivers that empty into the sea.

Many of the western islands are hilly and steep, composed mainly of granite, and are the peaks of the northernmost part of the Great Divide. They became islands when sea levels rose at the end of the last ice age. The central islands are mostly coral, while the eastern islands are of volcanic origin.

In the Torres Strait region, there are several key policy and institutional frameworks that support the rational use and management of marine resources, while protecting the habitats, biodiversity and traditional ways of life of the islanders. The most important of them is the Torres Strait Agreement, signed in February 1985 by Australia and Papua New Guinea. The agreement defines sovereignty and maritime boundaries in the area between the two countries. It guides decision makers to protect the way of life and livelihood of traditional people, manage habitat protection and share commercial and traditional fishing resources. The agreement established the Torres Strait Protected Area, where both countries control access to fishing resources. All countries have sovereign jurisdiction over resources on both sides of agreed jurisdictional boundaries.

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Among the natural challenges facing the region are the risk of mining waste from the Plu River in southern Papua New Guinea, the negative effects of global climate change and the rational management of natural resources.

Aboriginal Islanders are Torres Strait Islanders, one of two distinct ethnic groups of Australia’s indigenous peoples. The Torres Strait Islanders are distinct from, but related to, the Papuans of neighboring New Guinea and the Australian Aborigines of neighboring mainland Australia.

The people of Torres Strait have a unique indigenous culture that has attracted the attention of many anthropologists, historians, archaeologists and folklorists. This includes the University of Cambridge expedition led by the early ethnographer Alfred Haddon in 1898 and the more recent regional work of the Australian anthropologist Jeremy Beckett. Accounts of Native American storytelling traditions can be found in the works of Nona Sharp and Margaret Lowry. From the 1950s to the 1970s Laurie developed a strong relationship with the Torres Strait Islanders and many came to record and document their personal and family stories. This led to research into the cultural history of the Torres Strait and the collection of transcripts, audio recordings, photographs, slides, writings.

Where Does The Name Torres Come From

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