Where Does The Name Adams Come From – John Adams (1735-1826) was a leader of the American Revolution and served as the second president of the United States from 1797-1801. Born in Massachusetts and educated at Harvard, Adams began his career as a lawyer. Intelligent, patriotic, thoughtful, and outspoken, Adams criticized British rule in colonial America, seeing high British taxes and tariffs as oppressive.
He was a delegate to the Continental Congress in the 1770s. In the 1780s, Adams served as a diplomat in Europe and helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris (1783), officially ending the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783). From 1789 to 1797, Adams was the first vice president of the United States. After that, he served as the second president of the country. Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) defeated him for a second term. His letters to his wife, Abigail Adams, left a lasting impression among the Founding Fathers.
Where Does The Name Adams Come From
Born on October 30, 1735 in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts to a family of Mayflower Pilgrim descendants, John Adams was the eldest of three sons of John and Susanna Boylston Adams. Elder Adams was a farmer and shoemaker who also served as a congregational deacon and local official.
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Did you know? In November 1800, John Adams became the first president to live in the White House. The construction of the presidential residence, designed by Irish architect James Hoban, began in 1792. President Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) officially named it the White House in 1901.
A strong student, Adams graduated from Harvard College in 1755. He then taught school for several years and studied law at Worcester, Massachusetts. Adams began his legal career in 1758 and eventually became one of Boston’s most prominent lawyers.
In 1764 he married Abigail Smith (1744-1818), daughter of a minister from Weymouth, Massachusetts, and had six children, four of whom lived to adulthood: Abigail Amelia Adams, known as “Nabby”; Charles Adams; Thomas Boylston Adams and future President John Quincy Adams.
Abigail Adams proves to be her husband’s confidant. Widely read and with his intellectual abilities, he corresponded regularly with Adams, especially when he was away for long periods in Europe. Surviving letters show that she was pragmatic and influential in her husband’s career.
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In the 1760s, Adams began to challenge British rule in colonial America. He saw high British taxes and duties as a tool of oppression and no longer believed that the British government had the best interests of the colonists at heart. He criticized the Stamp Act of 1765, which taxed legal documents, newspapers, and playing cards in the North American colonies. Adams also opposed the Townshend Act of 1767, which imposed tariffs on goods imported into America such as paper, glass, and tea.
Despite his opposition to unjust British taxes, Adams’ principle represented British soldiers accused of manslaughter in the Boston Massacre of March 1770. Adams wanted to secure the soldiers accused of firing. A mob in Boston and the murder of five people – a fair trial.
In 1774, Adams attended the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia as a delegate from Massachusetts. (The Continental Congress served as the government of the 13 American colonies and later the United States from 1774 to 1789.) In 1775, Adams appointed George Washington (1732–1799) as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress. of the colonial forces of the fledgling American Revolutionary War (1775–1783). As a delegate to Congress, Adams later nominated Thomas Jefferson to draft the Declaration of Independence (which Adams signed with his second cousin, Samuel Adams).
In 1778, Adams was sent to Paris, France to help the colonists. The following year, he returned to America and served as Secretary General of the Massachusetts Constitution (the oldest surviving written constitution in the world). In the early 1980s, Adams returned to Europe as a diplomat.
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In 1783, along with John Jay (1745-1829) and Benjamin Franklin (1706-90), he helped conclude the Treaty of Paris, officially ending hostilities between America and Great Britain. Franklin had been the American minister to France since 1776, and although Adams often outworked Franklin, the old man’s charm opened diplomatic doors for his rough and combative colleague.
Adams remained in Europe after the war and served as the first US ambassador to Britain from 1785 to 1788. After returning to America, he participated in the Constitutional Convention that named Washington the country’s first president. Adams ran for vice president and won. (In the first election, the president and vice president were elected separately.)
Although Washington and Adams shared many political views, the role of vice president seemed largely ceremonial, and Adams spent the next eight years, 1789–1797, disillusioned. Adams once said, “My country, in its wisdom, has created for me the most important service that the invention of man or his imagination has ever created.” When Washington retired in 1796, Adams ran for the presidency, defeating Vice President Thomas Jefferson.
Adams took office in March 1797, and his presidency was quickly consumed by foreign affairs. Britain and France were involved in a war that directly affected American trade. During his administration, Washington was able to maintain neutrality, but tensions rose when Adams became president.
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In 1797, he sent a delegation to France to conclude a treaty, but the French refused to welcome the delegates, and French Foreign Minister Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord (1754-1838) demanded a large bribe. Adams refused to fight the French on these grounds, and the bribery scandal known as the XYZ Affair greatly increased Adams’ popularity. In 1798, an undeclared naval war began between the United States and France that lasted until 1800 when a peace treaty was signed.
Adams squandered his popularity by signing the Alien and Sedition Acts in 1798. Ostensibly written to protect American interests, the acts gave the government broad powers to deport “enemy” aliens and to arrest anyone who opposed the government. Jefferson and his allies, who called themselves Democrats and Republicans, called the law unconstitutional. Many Americans who had rejected an oppressive government feared that their new government might use similar tactics. Although the law was never abused, and actually included a statute of limitations, it hurt Adams and cost him the 1800 election.
After becoming president, Adams enjoyed a long and rewarding retirement. He and his wife lived in Quincy, Massachusetts, and the former president spent the next quarter century writing columns, books and letters. In 1812 he encouraged correspondence with his old rival Thomas Jefferson, and their voluminous correspondence continued for the rest of his life.
Abigail Adams died in 1818, but John Adams lived long enough for her son, John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), to become the sixth President of the United States in 1824. Adams and Jefferson the elder were among the last living signers at this time. declaration of independence. . On July 4, 1826 (the 50th anniversary of the Proclamation), the 90-year-old founder spoke his last words: “Thomas Jefferson still lives.” He died the same day. Little did he know that Jefferson had also died early that morning.
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