September 28, 2022

Where Did The Last Name Williams Come From – Thomas Lanier Williams III (March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983), known by his stage name Tennessee Williams, was an American playwright and novelist. Along with his colleagues Hugh O’Neill and Arthur Miller, he is considered one of the top three American playwrights of the 20th century.

Years later, at the age of 33, Williams suddenly became famous with the success of The Glass Magerie (1944) in New York. He brings a plastic scene to the play and it closely reflects his unhappy family. It was the first of a string of hits, including A Streetcar Named Dream (1947), Cat on a Hot Roof (1955), Sweet Bird of Youth (1959) and Night of the Iguana (1961). Williams tried a new style in his later work, which did not appeal to a wide range of audiences. His play A Streetcar Named Desire is often included in short lists of the best American plays of the 20th century, along with Hugh O’Neill’s Night Ride and Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman.

Where Did The Last Name Williams Come From

Where Did The Last Name Williams Come From

Many of Williams’ most famous works have been adapted for film. He also wrote stories, poems, essays and memoirs. In 1979, four years before his death, Williams was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.

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Thomas Lanier Williams III was born in Columbus, Mississippi to Glish, Wales and Huguot, the second child of Edwina Dakin (August 9, 1884 – June 1, 1980) and Cornelius Coffin “C.C.” Williams (August 21, 1879 – March 27, 1957).

His father was a traveling shoe salesman who became an alcoholic and was often away from home. His mother, Edwina, was the daughter of Rose O. Dakin was a music teacher and the Rev. Walter Dakin, an Episcopal priest from Illinois, was assigned to a church in Clarksdale, Mississippi shortly after William’s birth. Williams lived on his grandfather’s Episcopal family estate throughout his childhood and was close with his grandfather. His ancestors were the singer and songwriter Sidney Lanier.

As a child, Williams nearly died of diphtheria, which left him weak and confined to his home during his convalescent years. At least because of his illness, his father considered him a weak child. Cornelius Williams, a descendant of industrious pioneers in East Tennessee, was very angry and liked to use his fists. He looked at what he thought was his son’s skill with disdain. Edwina, trapped in an unhappy marriage, devoted almost all of her attention to her fragile son.

When Williams was eight years old, his father was promoted to the home office of the International Shoe Company in St. Louis. Louis. Louis, Missouri. The mother’s constant search for suitable housing, as well as her father’s drunkenness and loudness, led to their moving to St. Petersburg. Louis several times. Williams attended Soldan High School, where he produced his play The Glass Wizard.

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Williams was 16 years old for an essay published in Smart Set called “Can a Good Woman Be a Good Game?” He won the third prize. A year later, his short story “Vegeance of Nitocris” (as “Thomas Lanier Williams”) was published in the August 1928 issue of Weird Tales magazine.

These early publications did not lead to significant recognition or appreciation of William’s talent, and he struggled to establish his literary career for more than a decade. Later in 1928, Williams traveled to Europe with his grandmother Dakin.

From 1929 to 1931, Williams attended the University of Missouri in Columbia, where he took classes in journalism.

Where Did The Last Name Williams Come From

He was bored with the lessons and was busy with his endless love for the girl. After some time, he started writing poems, essays, stories and plays in writing contests, hoping to get more money. His first commissioned play was Beauty in Words (1930), followed by Hot Milk on the Third Morning (1932).

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The drama “Beauty” about rebels against religious education won the first prize in the competition of writers.

At the University of Missouri, Williams joined the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity, but was not well received by his brothers. After completing the military training course, his father took him out of school and worked at the “International Shoe Company” factory. Although Williams hated monopolies, the job forced him to train his creativity.

His distaste for his new 9-to-5 job drove Williams to write brilliantly. He set himself a goal to write one story a week. Williams worked on weekends. His mother recalled his misdeeds:

Tom was going to his room with black coffee and a cigarette, and he heard the typewriter going away in the night from the basement. Some mornings I would wake up from work and see him lying on the bed so tired that he could not even take off his clothes.[17]

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By his 24th birthday, overworked, unhappy and unsuccessful, Williams suffered a mental breakdown and quit his job. He took memories of this period and some factory work to create the character Stanley Kowalski in A Street Named Desire.

In the mid-1930s, his mother divorced his father because of his alcoholism and anger. They never broke up.

In 1936, Williams entered Washington University in St. Louis. Louis. Louis wrote the play “I, Vasya” (1937) there. After failing the school poetry prize, he decided to retire. In the fall of 1937, he transferred to the University of Iowa, where he graduated with a B.A. August 1938.

Where Did The Last Name Williams Come From

He later studied at the New School Dramatic Workshop in New York. Williams talks about his early days as an actor and his first concert, Cairo, Shanghai, Bombay!

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Williams’ writings refer to some of the poets and writers he loved in his early years: Hart Crane, Arthur Rimbaud, Anton Chekhov (from his age), William Shakespeare, Clarence Darrow, D.H. Lores, Katherine Mansfield, August Strindberg, William Faulkner. , Thomas Wolfe, Emily Dickinson, William Inge, James Joyce and Ernest Hemingway.

As Williams struggled to find production and an audience for his work in the late 1930s, he worked at many lucrative jobs, including as a janitor on a chicken farm in Laguna Beach, California. In 1939, with the help of Audrey Wood, Williams was awarded a 1,000 grant by the Rockefeller Foundation in recognition of his play The Battle of Angels. It was released in Boston, Massachusetts in 1940 and was poorly received.

Using some of Rockefeller’s money, Williams moved to New Orleans in 1939 to write for the Works Progress Administration (WPA), a funding program started by President Franklin Roosevelt to get people to work. Williams lived for a time in the French Quarter of New Orleans, including 722 Toulouse Street, the setting for his 1977 play Vie Carré. The building is now part of the Historic New Orleans Collection.

A Rockefeller grant brought him to the Hollywood film scene, and Williams got a six-month contract as a screenwriter for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, earning $250 a week.

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In the winter of 1944-45, his memoir of Glass Magerie was adapted from the 1943 short story Portrait of a Girl in Glass, set in Chicago, to great acclaim. She moved to New York where she became an instant hit and enjoyed a run on Broadway. Elia Kazan (who has managed many of Williams’ successes) said about Williams: “Everything in his life is in his games and everything in the games of his life.”

Glass Magerie won best play of the season at the Critics Circle Drama Awards in New York.

The great success of his next play, A Streetcar Named Desire, in 1947 established his reputation as a great actor. In the late 1940s and 1950s, Williams toured extensively with his partner Frank Merleau (1922 – September 21, 1963). European summer. He traveled frequently to develop his writing, living in New York, New Orleans, Key West, Rome, Barcelona, ​​and London. Williams wrote, “Only a great change can drag down the stream of my soul, a new and surprising place or people to catch a wave.”

Where Did The Last Name Williams Come From

Between 1948 and 1959, Williams produced plays on Broadway: Summer and Smoke (1948), The Rose Tattoo (1951), Camino Real (1953), Cat on a Hot Roof (1955), Orpheus’ Landing (1957), The District Round (1958). ), and “Sweet Young Man” (1959). By 1959, he had already won two Pulitzer Prizes, three New York Drama Awards, three Donaldson Awards, and a Tony Award.

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Williams’ work reached a mass audience in the early 1950s when The Glass Magerie and Desire Street Car were adapted into motion pictures.

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