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Where Are The Major Mountain Belts Of The World Located
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A mountain range is a sequential chain or series of mountains or ridges that have similarities in shape, structure, and orientation, that have a similar cause, usually an orogeny. There are five major mountain ranges in the world which are discussed below: 1. Himalayan mountain range Source: upload.wikimedia.org The Himalayas or Himalayas form a mountain range in Asia that separates the plains of the Indian subcontinent from Tibet. the plateau It is a young folded mountain from the Tertiary period, which was folded over the Tethys Sea due to intercontinental collision. It stretches about 2,500 km between the Indus and Brahmaputra basins from west to east in the form of an arc. It plays an important role in determining the climate of the Indian subcontinent. It has abundant potential for various metallic minerals such as cobalt, nickel, zinc, copper, antimony and bismuth. Highest peak: Mount Everest (8,848 m) 2. The Alps mountain range Source: www.worldatlas.com The Alps mountain range is the highest and most extensive mountain range in Europe and stretches over about 1,200 km (750 mi). The eight Alpine countries are (from west to east): France, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany and Slovenia. It plays an important role in determining the climate of Europe. Highest peak: Mont Blanc (4,808.73 m) 3. Atlas Mountain Range The Atlas Mountain Range stretches about 2,500 km (1,600 mi) through Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. It separates the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts from the Sahara desert and is inhabited by Berber populations. It was formed during the Precambrian period. Highest Peak: Toubkal (4,167 m) Top 10 Largest Archipelago in the World 4. Andes Mountain Range The Andes or Andean Mountain Range is the longest continental mountain range in the world, spanning approximately 7,000 km (4,300 mi). , it is formed by a continuous highland along the western edge of South America. Highest peak: Aconcagua (6,961 m) 5. Rocky Mountain Range Source: en.wikipedia.org Rocky mountain range in western North America, extending more than 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from North America’s northernmost point. British Columbia, in western Canada, New Mexico, in southwestern United States. Protected by public parks and woodlands, it is a popular tourist destination, especially for hiking, camping, rock climbing, fishing, hunting, mountain biking, skiing and snowboarding. Highest peak: Mount Albert (4,401 m) The location of mountain ranges affects the climate of all regions. It also prevents moisture-laden winds. For example, the Himalayas act as a climate barrier by blocking extremely cold winds from Central Asia and Siberia. These mountain ranges are also the source of rivers. 10 Highest Peaks in India
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Solved Occurrences In The Different Places Around The Globe
The Mediterranean region is one of the most geologically complex regions on Earth. Now, the evolutionary history of mountain ranges and seas in the region has been comprehensively reconstructed for the first time. Geologists from different countries realized this by examining in detail all the mountain ranges from Spain to Iran for ten years. Research coordinated by Utrecht University suggests that a piece of continental crust the size of Greenland that once broke off from North Africa sank into the mantle beneath southern Europe. “Forget Atlantis. Without knowing about it, every year a large number of tourists spend their holidays on the lost continent of the Greater Adriatic.
, says Duwe van Hinsbergen, leading researcher in global tectonics and paleogeography at Utrecht University’s Department of Geosciences, “Most of the mountain ranges we have investigated originate from a continent that broke off from North Africa 200 million years ago. “The only remnant of this continent is a strip running from Turin across the Adriatic Sea to the heel of the boot that forms Italy.” Geologists call that region “Adria.” Van Hinsbergen therefore called the lost continent “Greater Adria.”
Much of the continent was submerged, forming shallow, tropical oceans where sediments were deposited, such as in large coral reefs. Sedimentary rocks in particular were separated when the rest of the continents were melted into the mantle. These scrapings are now the Apennines, parts of the Alps, mountain belts in the Balkans, Greece and Turkey.
The Mediterranean region is one of the most geologically complex regions on Earth. Plate tectonics, a theory that explains the formation of continents and oceans, assumes that Earth’s separate plates do not deform internally as they move along major fault zones relative to each other. But in the Mediterranean region, and especially in Turkey, this is not the case. “It’s just a geological mess: everything is curved, broken and stacked. In comparison, the Himalayas, for example, represent a simpler system. There you can follow several major fault lines over a distance of more than 2,000 km.’
Major Mountain Ranges In India: Some Of The Highest Mountains In The World
The reconstruction was a collaboration between geologists from Utrecht, Oslo and Zurich. Why did it take so long? Van Hinsbergen: “It is not only a large region, it also hosts more than 30 countries. Each of these has its own geological survey, its own maps and its own ideas about evolutionary history. Research often stops at national borders .Therefore, from a geological point of view, this area is not only fragmented.
Along with the reconstruction of the lost Greater Adria, geologists have made important contributions to basic knowledge of mountain chain formation. ‘Subduction, the lowering of one plate under another, is the basic mechanism of mountain ranges. Our research also provided a wealth of information about volcanoes and earthquakes, which we are already applying elsewhere. You can even predict to some extent what an area will look like in the distant future.’ There are also financial aspects associated with research in the short term. Mineral deposits and building materials important to our society are found in mountain regions such as the surveyed area. The geological systems in which these springs form are fragmented along the mountain ranges we have reconstructed. Reconstruction is therefore useful in the search for new resources.’
To reconstruct the region, geologists were the first to use GPlates, an advanced plate tectonic reconstruction software. “And it started with manual labor: typing in thousands of data from the literature
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