What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930 – This environmental history research project, supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, explored the occurrence and geography of hurricanes in the Southern Plains.

The famous dust bowl of the 1930s. Led by Dr. Jeff Kanfer and several undergraduate students in the Department of History at the University of Saskatchewan, they looked through surveyor’s journals, weather records at military forts, farmers’ notebooks, town newspapers and government reports to find references to dust storms. that occurred in the centuries before 1930. Researchers have found descriptions of more than 600 dust storms in the region, most of them before most of the land was plowed for cultivation.

What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

Another major project activity was the digitization of a unique map created by the US government during the mid-1930s Dust Bowl. In 1936-1937. The Soil Conservation Survey’s “Southern Great Plains Erosion Study” provides detailed information on soil type, slope, land use, and extent of wind at the farm level. The digitization of these unique maps allows the data to be separated, compared to other maps, and to better understand the causes and effects of floating areas. The map covers 26 counties in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Colorado and Kansas. The resulting GIS includes 14,000 land use areas representing 42,000 square meters in the heart of the Dust Bowl. CO 59 dust storm in Powers County in southeastern Colorado in March 1937. Image from History Colorado, 88.318.16

Ken Burns’ Dust Bowl: How The ‘dirty Thirties’ Changed Policy In Oklahoma

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What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

On Friday, April 19, 1935, Hugh Bennett walked into Room 333 of the United States Senate Office Building in Washington, DC, and sat down at a table next to members of the Congressional Subcommittee on Public Lands and Investigations. Bennett, 54, heads the Soil Erosion Control Service, a department created by the U.S. Department of the Interior two years ago, and was invited to testify about erosion problems on American farms. As the current senators are aware of the dust that affects the high plains, including All of southeast Colorado, they consider the issue to be a local disturbance. Congress debated House Resolution 7054, which would provide funding for the National Soil Conservation Service, administered by the United States Department of Agriculture ( USDA). Bennett was there to tell lawmakers why the resolution needed to be passed immediately.

That day in Washington, Bennett used statistics, maps, field notes and photographs to illustrate the disaster that had befallen the nation. But Bennett is still an actor. He saw a dust storm coming from the east and decided to use the phenomenon to his advantage. During his testimony, he explained his points, waiting until A stunning copper color has begun to color the D.C. sky.

What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

Back To The Dust Bowl Of The 1930s: A Repeat Of The Black Blizzards Due To Poor Land Management And Climate Change

– Is it dark for you? – wondered one of the senators, changing color through the window. – Maybe it will rain?

“That’s what I’m talking about, man,” Bennett said as the dust blew across the street. “Come here Oklahoma.”

What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

Bennett continued his testimony by pointing out to members of the subcommittee that a storm of this size could move about 300 million tons of soil across the continent – from the Front Ranges to the Atlantic – a distance of more than 2,000 miles. He warned her that the top soil could not be restored. Once there is weather, it is gone forever.

Dust Bowl Conditions Of 1930s Us Now More Than Twice As Likely To Reoccur

Shortly after, the meeting passed a resolution. Never before has a government enacted a federal law designed solely to protect land. A week later, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Soil Conservation Act.

What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

In 1928, the year before the Soil Conservation Act became law, Bennett persuaded Congress to appropriate $160,000 to the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils to conduct a national study of soil erosion. His first task was to establish 11 experimental stations throughout the country where field representatives would meet with farmers to demonstrate how to protect the soil from practices that could lead to erosion. A large crowd soon gathered to see “Big Hugh” Bennett, six-foot-tall, 200-pounder, with disheveled hair, jacket and dust, perform his “facelift”—a demonstration of the country before and after his conservative ways. be restored. “When the dust bowl hit, Bennett had been around for almost three decades,” said Joe Otto, historian for the Iowa Soil and Water Conservation Society. “Bennett did a very good job of explaining scientific concepts in non-scientific terms.”

While states like Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas and Nebraska often come to mind when one thinks of the Dust Bowl, the Centennial State was also hit hard, with drought and storms ravaging 15 counties in eastern Colorado. Bennett sent a regional director to western Colorado in the 1930s, and he found extensive damage to every drainage system he inspected. The final report of the Department of the Interior in 1935 attributed the “severe destruction of available grass” to cattle grazing, and described landslide erosion in the San Juan Drain as “the most destructive in western Colorado.”

What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

Dust And Drought

Conditions along the Dolores River, which straddles the Utah border, have become “significantly more violent,” the report said. warned. Areas around the Rio Grande and Colorado, Gunnison, and Yampa rivers are being eroded. But the widespread damage is only a hint of what is to come if steps are not taken to Help the nation. Soon, the same violent dust storms that occur in the Great Plains may appear in pockets of the Rockies and eventually spread westward into the Great Basin.

Bennett made several trips to Colorado in the 1930s and 1940s, meeting farmers and ranchers; His complete records are now in the Denver Public Library’s Western Library of History and Special Genealogy. Southeastern Colorado was the epicenter of the Dust Bowl – Baca, Las Animas and Powers counties were devastated. Between 1930 and 1936, wheat cultivation in Bucka County dropped from 237,000 acres to just 150 acres as the county experienced “Black Blizzards.” The dust was blown into houses and cars, some of which remained buried for decades. After a particularly strong wind about five years ago, a farmer near Vilas, in Bucka County, was surprised to find a weathered Ford Model T stuck in the fields his family had farmed for generations.

What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

Born in 1881 in Anson County, North Carolina, Bennett grew up on a cotton plantation, the eighth of nine children, where he helped his father dig the soil level out of the hills before planting. “I still remember my father’s answer to my question of why we do this work,” Bennett said during a lecture he gave in 1958 at North Carolina State College in Raleigh. “So that the country will not be washed away,” was his curt reply… I could hardly understand it except in the dark.

Dust Bowl By Library Of Congress/science Photo Library

This became clear to Bennett when he worked for the Land Bureau, where he was hired as a clerk in 1903 after graduating from the University of North Carolina. Bennett’s work consisted of agricultural surveys in the Carolinas, Tennessee, and Virginia; During the foray he likes to camp, sleeping next to his car.

What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

On a trip to Louisa, Virginia, in 1905, he noticed two plates stuck together on a gentle slope. , one place is cultivated, the other is wooded and uninhabited. Where there is agriculture, heavy rains have washed away several centimeters of soil on the surface, making the soil clayey. Thick red color at the bottom. “Here, Bennett sits in the forest pulling fallen leaves and takes this eureka,” Otto said today. Where most people saw natural gullies, Bennett saw “plate erosion,” a term he coined.

As Bennett continued to document evidence of leaf erosion, parties within the USDA disagreed with him. In 1909, Bennett’s boss, Milton Whitney, head of the Bureau of Land, published USDA Bulletin No. 1. This is one resource that cannot be exhausted. Bennett would later comment on this statement, “I don’t know how much false information could be packed into one short sentence.”

What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

Dust Bowl Migrants

Meanwhile, Bennett began a crusade to educate farmers, scientists, and politicians, and received two honorary doctorates, one in law and one in science. He traveled constantly, crossing America and going abroad to conduct soil research. He also visited places where dust storms had not yet occurred and tried to prevent serious erosion that he believed was inevitable without intervention.

Like today’s climate change deniers, they included powerful figures—scientists, politicians, and farmers—who believed the Dust Bowl was a natural phenomenon. Unfortunately, she thought, the villagers had cleared the vacant land and established farms and rice paddies during the long dry spell. by Timothy Egan, sr

What Is The Dust Bowl Of 1930

, wrote: “There are conflicting views in the Roosevelt administration about what is happening. Harvard geologists told the president that nature is undergoing irreversible changes, the climate itself is changing, the beginning of a cycle that will take hundreds of years or more.

Return Of The Dust Bowl

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