What Is Cancer Of The Blood Called – Leukemia is classified according to the type of white blood cells affected and how the disease progresses:
Depending on how fast it grows or how bad it is, leukemias are classified as acute (fast-growing) or chronic (slow-growing):
What Is Cancer Of The Blood Called
According to data from the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Outcomes (SEER) program, the most common types of leukemia in the United States are:
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Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) progresses rapidly, replacing healthy cells that produce active lymphocytes with immature leukemia cells. Leukemia cells are carried in the blood to other organs and tissues, including the brain, liver, lymph nodes and testes, where they continue to grow and divide. The growth, division, and spread of these leukemia cells can cause a number of possible symptoms, some of which resemble the flu. They include fatigue, shortness of breath, fever and easy bruising or bleeding.
All develop when a change in DNA (a mutation) causes the bone marrow to produce too many abnormal lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). Lymphocytes help fight infection, but not all people produce enough to do so effectively. The proliferation of these abnormal cells can also crowd out other types of healthy blood cells.
It is not known exactly what causes all these changes, but certain factors can increase a person’s risk. All risk factors include:
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All can be diagnosed with blood tests and bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, which involves removing a sample of marrow and a small piece of bone and then studying the cells under a microscope.
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), also known as acute myelogenous leukemia, acute myeloblastic leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia, or acute nonlymphocytic leukemia, is a rapidly growing form of blood and bone marrow cancer.
Like everyone else, AML causes the bone marrow to make abnormal white blood cells, crowding out healthy blood cells and affecting the body’s ability to fight infection.
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Some symptoms include fever, fatigue, and night sweats. Some include easy bruising or bleeding and weight loss. Tests that can diagnose this cancer include blood tests and bone marrow aspiration and biopsy.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a slow-growing cancer that starts in the lymphocytes in the bone marrow and spreads to the blood. It spreads to the lymph nodes and organs such as the liver and spleen. CLL develops when too many abnormal lymph nodes grow, crowding out normal blood cells and making it harder for the body to fight infection.
According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), CLL accounts for about 25 percent of all leukemia cases, and about 1 in 175 people will develop CLL in their lifetime. CLL is similar to ALL, but it is chronic rather than acute, meaning it grows slowly and takes longer to cause symptoms.
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When it causes symptoms, swelling of the lymph nodes (neck, armpit, stomach or groin), fatigue, fever, infection, weight loss and more. Various blood tests can be used to help diagnose CLL.
CLL does not require immediate treatment, but should be monitored for any complications and changes, at which point the need for treatment can be reassessed. Common treatment options include:
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), also known as chronic myelogenous leukemia, begins in the blood-forming cells of the bone marrow and, over time, spreads to the blood. Eventually, the disease spreads to other parts of the body.
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CML grows slowly, but once it begins to cause symptoms, they can include fatigue, fever, weight loss, and an enlarged spleen. About half of CML cases are diagnosed by a blood test before symptoms begin. According to the ACS, about 15 percent of leukemias are CML.
Your multidisciplinary team will work with you to develop a personalized leukemia treatment plan that fits your needs and goals.
Among the different types of leukemia, some are less common than others. Three rare leukemias—prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL), large granular lymphocyte leukemia (LGL), and H cell leukemia (HL)—share similar characteristics as lymphocytic leukemias and are sometimes called chronic or acute lymphocytic leukemia (CLE). Myelodysplastic syndromes are leukemia-related conditions and are rare.
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Prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL) can develop with CLL or alone, but it usually grows faster than normal CLL. It is characterized by an increase in immature lymphocytes. If it causes symptoms, they are similar to other types of leukemia (fever, easy bruising, unexplained weight loss). Diagnosis includes blood tests and bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. PLL tends to respond well to treatment, and may be similar to the options used to treat CLL. However, backsliding is normal.
Large granular lymphocytic (LGL) leukemia is a chronic form of leukemia that causes the body to produce abnormally large lymphocytes. By the time patients are diagnosed with the condition, symptoms are common and include fever, frequent infections, and unexplained weight loss. People with autoimmune diseases are most at risk of developing LGL. Diagnosis includes blood tests and bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. Most patients require treatment soon after diagnosis, including immunosuppressive drugs. Some may withdraw from treatment to see if problems develop. Treatment for LGL is not standardized, and patients may require different approaches depending on their condition.
Clear cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare type of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). According to the American Society of Clinical Oncology, an estimated 700 people are diagnosed with HCL each year. HCL occurs when the bone marrow produces too many B cells (lymphocytes), a type of white blood cell that fights infection. As the number of leukemia cells increases, healthy white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets are produced. The word “fur” comes from the origin of the cells that make it up. Under the microscope, the HCL cells appear to have fine, hair-like blooms.
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Symptoms of HCL are similar to other types of leukemia and may resemble a fever. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy and blood tests are the main diagnostic tools.
HCL usually does not require immediate treatment, and patients notice changes in the problem that require treatment. When HCL-related complications occur—low blood cell counts, frequent infections, or swollen lymph nodes—chemotherapy is often used.
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of closely related diseases in which the bone marrow has too few red blood cells (carry oxygen), white blood cells (fight infection), or platelets (prevent or stop bleeding), or a combination of any. Different types of myelodysplastic syndromes are diagnosed based on specific changes in the three blood cells and bone marrow. The cells in the blood and bone marrow (also called myelo) often look abnormal (or dysplastic), hence the term myelodysplastic syndromes.
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According to the ACS, more than 10,000 people develop MDS annually. In the past, MDS was often called a preleukemic state (and sometimes called preleukemia) because some people with MDS develop acute leukemia as a complication of the disease. However, most patients with MDS do not develop acute leukemia.
Traditionally, MDS is classified as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), with myelodysplastic syndromes when blood or bone marrow blasts reach or exceed 20 percent. There are many types of cancer that can affect your body, but one type in particular stands out. worse. Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects your white blood cells, red blood cells, or platelets. When these blood cells proliferate uncontrollably and start growing outside your body, you have leukemia. The good news is that there are treatments for this disease that can help you recover. But to do so, it is important that you understand about this disease and how to cure it. This article explains everything you need to know about leukemia and its treatment.
What is Leukemia? Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects your blood cells. Specifically, white blood cells, red blood cells, or platelets get out of control and start growing outside of your body. It can occur anywhere in your body, although it is most common in your heart. It should be noted that leukemia is not the only type of diagnosis. Rather, it is a broad term that describes several types of blood cancer. Although there are similarities between these conditions, they are distinct from each other and are treated accordingly. Symptoms of Leukemia Symptoms of leukemia include: Fatigue – This is the most common symptom of leukemia and lasts for a long time. Fatigue can be a symptom of many other conditions, so it’s important to see your doctor if you’re always tired. Weight loss – Many people with leukemia experience weight loss, which can be caused by loss of appetite. Whatever you are
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