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What is the “forbidden fruit” that Eve ate and then shared with Adam in the biblical Garden of Eden?
What Does The Name Adam Mean In English
The Hebrew Bible does not record what fruit Adam and Eve ate. “We don’t know what it was. There is no indication that it was an apple,” Rabbi Ari Zivotofsky, a professor of brain sciences at Israel’s Bar-Ilan University, told Live Science.
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Genesis, the first book of the Hebrew Bible, describes an important event shortly after God warned Adam not to eat from the “tree of knowledge.” However, the snake in the garden told Eve to go and bite her.
“When the woman saw that the tree was good for eating, pleasing to the eye, and that the tree was a source of wisdom, she took the fruit and ate it, and gave it to her husband, the man. ate. They ate.” (Genesis 3:6), as translated by the Jewish Press Association Sefaria.org.
Regarding the type of fruit, Zivotofsky describes it as “tree fruit”. “That’s it. There’s no definition. We don’t know which tree or which fruit.”
The Hebrew word used in this verse, according to Zivotofsky, is “peri,” a common word for fruit in biblical and modern Hebrew. But “tapuach,” the modern Hebrew word for apple, appears nowhere in Genesis or the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, Zivotofsky said. (It appears later in other biblical texts.) In biblical times, “tapuach” was the word for another fruit.
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Rabbis in the Talmud, the Hebrew Bible, a collection of rabbinic teachings and biblical law and c. Other documents dated to the 500s AD support various ideas about the mysteries of fruit, but apples are not one of them, Zivotofsky said.
In earlier years, rabbis wrote that the fruit could be a fig tree, because in the Hebrew Bible, Adam and Eve realized that they were naked after eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge, and then covered it with fig leaves. Or some Rabbis wrote that it was wheat, because the Hebrew word for wheat, “chita,” is the same as “cheit,” Zivotofsky said. Grapes, or wine made from grapes, are another option. Finally, the Rabbis wrote that it could be citron or “etrog” in Hebrew – the sweet and sour fruit used in the Jewish autumn festival of Sukkot, the harvest festival where Jews built a temporary home.
Given all these potential bans, a 2017 study in the journal Nature Communications suggests that apples from Kazakhstan in Central Asia, rather than from the Middle East, are a good explanation?
Zybotofsky said that this interpretation was not based on Jewish tradition. “I don’t think it has become an apple in Jewish culture, you won’t find it in Jewish art,” Zivotofsky said.
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Instead, the path from fruit to apple began in Rome in AD. In 382, Pope Damasus I asked a scholar named Jerome to translate the Bible into Latin, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. According to Robert Appelbaum, professor emeritus of English literature at Uppsala University in Sweden and author of Agucheek’s Beef, Belch’s Hiccup, Another Dish, Jerome translated the Hebrew “peri” into the Latin “malum.” Intervention” (University of Chicago, 2006).
“The word [malum] is translated from Latin to English as apple, and it also means any fruit … with a seed core in the middle and flesh around it.” But it was a common word [fruit]. “Okay,” Appelbaum told Live Science. According to the online etymology dictionary, apple had this general meaning in the 17th century. Jerome may have chosen the word “malum” for the fruit, Appelbaum said, because the same word can mean evil. Therefore, the first big mistake people make is to mention the fruit, which is a waste of words.
Meanwhile, paintings of the Garden of Eden and other art installations helped make the apple a forbidden fruit. Unlike writing in art, Appelbaum says, fruit cannot be generic. “The actors had to show something more than the writers. They did not always show apples: artistic versions of the “Fall from Eden” show lemons (“Gent Altarparet.
Hubert, Jan van Eyck, 1432), apricot (“Tent of the Serpent” Defendente Ferrari, 1520-25), Dam (“Fall of Man” Peter Paul Rubens, 1628-29). , according to Appelbaum.
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The 16th-century Ghent Altarpiece depicts Eve (right) with a citron. (Image credit: Contributor via DIRK WAEM/Getty Images)
However, XVI. German artist Albrecht Dürer in 1504 and Lucas Cranach in 1533 depicted the fruit as an apple, according to NPR. Also, according to NPR, in the poem “Paradise Lost,” first published in 1667, English poet John Milton mentions the word “apple” twice in reference to the forbidden fruit.
But was the “Paradise Lost” apple the apple we think of today, or was it just a juicy fruit with a seed in the middle? According to Appelbaum, there is some doubt about this. Milton describes an “apple” when Eve takes a bite, saying it’s “fuzzy on the outside, very sweet, sweet, ambrosial. All the words are related to peaches,” Appelbaum says.
A modern tree with 40 types of fruit called frankincense did not exist in biblical times, but if it did, it would solve the mystery.
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Ashley P. Taylor is a writer based in Brooklyn, New York. As a science writer, she focuses on molecular biology and health, but enjoys learning about all kinds of experiments. Ashley’s work has appeared in Live Science, The New York Times Blog, The Scientist, Yale Medicine, and PopularMechanics.com. Ashley studied biology at Oberlin College, worked in various labs, and earned a master’s degree in science journalism from New York University’s Science, Health, and Environmental Reporting Program. In the book of “Genesis” about how God created Eve: “Jehovah God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep; And as he lay he took one of the man’s ribs and covered it with flesh; And Jehovah God made the woman out of the man’s rib.” (Genesis 2:21-22) The word “one rib” can be translated as “his side” (NET), but almost all. English translations render this passage as “rib ” is defined as
Before this happened, when God created Adam, he used the “dust of the ground” to form his body and “breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living soul.” (Genesis 2:7) So Adam used the “dust of the ground” to form his body and “breathed into his nostrils the breath of life.” But when God created Eve, he did not return to dust; He used one of Adam’s ribs to create a woman. They brought him to Adam, who said to him:
God used Adam’s rib to create Eve—he used existing flesh and “did not start from scratch”—to show that Adam and Eve were one; He was created from the same “stuff” and bore the same image and likeness of God as Adam (see Genesis 1:27). Created from Adam’s rib, woman was created to be Adam’s friend and “a worthy helper” (Genesis 2:18). Formed from Adam’s fleshly side, Eve was truly an addition to him, an essential part of his identity. So he was the perfect partner.
Why did God use Adam’s rib? Fortunately, ribs have amazing regenerative abilities. Pieces of rib bone and cartilage removed during osteotomy regrow within a few months if the rib perichondrium remains intact. This means that the loss of Adam’s rib was temporary; he did not have to spend the rest of his life with an incomplete skeletal system.
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When God brought Eve to Adam, they were married: the “woman” of Genesis 2:22 is called Adam’s “wife” in verse 24. The first social institution, marriage, was modeled by God in Eden. The creation of Eve is as follows: “A man shall leave his parents and cleave to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.” The union of married couples and the principle of “one flesh” is based on God’s use of one of Adam’s ribs to create woman.
God used one of Adam’s ribs to create Eve, a reminder that woman was created to “be close” to man. Together, man