What Does The Biblical Name Jacob Mean – Jacob’s struggle with the angel is described in Isaiah (32:22–32; also mentioned in Hosea 12:3–5). The “angel” in question is referred to as “man” (אִישׁ) and “God” in Isaiah, while Hosea refers to “angel” (מַלְאָךְ).
According to Gesis’ account, Jacob spent the night alone by the river on his return journey to Canaan. He faces a “man” who continues to fight him until dawn. In D, Jacob is called “Israel” and is blessed, while “the man” refuses to give his name. Jacob calls the place where they fought Puel (פְּנוּאֵל “the face of God” or “looking at God”)
What Does The Biblical Name Jacob Mean
He arose that same night, took with him his two wives, his two concubines, and his eleven children, and crossed the neck of Jabbok. He took them and put them in the river and everything else he had. And Jacob was left alone. And a man fought with him until dawn. When the man saw that he was not successful against Jacob, he touched the hollow of his loins, and as he wrestled with him, Jacob’s hip came out of its joint. “Let me go, for it is dawning,” he said. But Jacob said: “I will not let you go unless you bless me.” And I said, “What’s your name?” he said. And he said, “Jacob.” He said, “Your name will no longer be called Jacob, but Israel, because you have dealt with God and with me and have prevailed.” “Please tell me your name,” Jacob asked. But he said, “Why do you ask my name?” he said. And there he blessed her. Jacob called the place Peel, saying, “For I went face to face with God, but my life was saved.” The sun rose on her as she passed Puel, limping at the hip. Therefore, even to this day, the people of Israel do not eat the part of the thigh above the hole of the thigh, because it touched the shank of the thigh in the hollow of Jacob’s hip.— Genesis 32:22–32
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The story includes many plays on the meaning of Hebrew names (Piel (or Puel), Israel) as well as the similarity to the root of the name Jacob (which sounds like “heel” in Hebrew) and its composition.
Jacob’s lameness (Ja’aqob) may reflect the name of the river, giving the etymology of Jabbok (Yabbok יַבֹּק, “crooked” sounds like a river) and Nachmanides (Deuteronomy 2:10, Jeshurun) “one who walks crookedly” . the name is Jacob.
The Hebrew text says that Jacob was a “man” (אִישׁ, LXX ἄνθροπος, Vulgate vir) with whom he fought, but later this “man” was identified by Jacob with God (Elohim).
Hosea 12:4 also refers to an “angel” (malak). After this, the Targum of Onkelos offers “for I have met the Angel of the Lord face to face” and the Targum Philistine gives “For I have seen the Angels of the Lord face to face.”
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He has been variously called a dream figure, a prophetic vision, an angel (like Michael and Samael), a guardian river spirit, Jesus or God.
In Hosea 12:4, the adversary of Jacob, Malach is described as “the angel”: “Yes, he had power over the angel and prevailed; he wept and prayed to him: he found him in Bethel and there he spoke to us. ?”. The relative age of the text of Isaiah and Hosea is uncertain, as both are part of the rearranged Hebrew Bible during the second temple period, and it has been suggested that the malakh could and would be a late adaptation of the text. Print an early Jewish interpretation of the episode.
As a result of Jacob’s hip injury during wrestling, the Jews were forbidden to eat meat (hip tdon) that was attached to the hip socket,
The interpretation of “Jacob wrestled with God” (who burned like Israel) is common in Protestant theology and has been supported by Martin Luther and John Calvin (although Calvin believed the event to be “merely a vision”).
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Other interpretations take Jacob’s phrase “face to face with God” as referring to the Angel of God as “the Face of God.”
The proximity of the terms “man” and “God” in the text in some Christian texts also implied Christianity. J. Douglas MacMillan (1991) argues that the angel with whom Jacob wrestled was “the pre-incarnate aspect of Christ in human form”.
According to one Christian interpretation of the Bible, “Jacob said, ‘I saw God face to face.'” Jacob’s words do not mean that the “man” he wrestled with was God. Rather, as in other similar expressions, “God” Anyone who saw the angel had the right to claim to have seen the face of God.”
Commentaries use the story to explain other events discussed in the Qur’an in the Hebrew Bible and similar, such as the attack of Moses by an angel.
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Like some Jewish rulers, Islamic rulers described the event as punishment for Jacob not tithing to God, but offering a tithe to Esau.
In an analysis of Marxist philosopher Ernst Bloch’s 1968 book Atheism in Christianity, Roland Boer says he saw the event as a category of “myth, or at least myth”. Boer calls it an example of “a bloody, angry God, possessed by wicked men to escape his wrath.”
The incident of wrestling in a stream has been compared to Greek mythology stories of Achilles’ duel with the river god Scamander.
The wrestling match, along with other Old Testament stories of the Hebrew Patriarchs, is said to be based on Egyptian mythology related to Ahat, where Jacob is Osiris/Wizzer, Esau is Set, and the wrestling match is the battle between them.
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“This dramatic scene has received much comment from Jewish, Catholic, and Protestant theologians, Bible scholars, and literary critics. Is Jacob wrestling with God or an angel? … No definitive answer, but the story is rationalized, romanticized, mythologized, accepted, and is treated symbolically”.
In sculpture, Jacob Angel Wrestling is the subject of a 1940 sculpture by Sir Jacob Epstein on display at Tate Britain.
The Latin text of Genesis 32:30 “Vidi dominum facie ad faciem? et salva facta est anima mea’ (I met God face to face) was staged for the third night of Matin on the second Sunday of the Second Lent and was a popular medieval retelling of the story of Jacob’s encounter with the angel. Machaut’s motet Vidi dominum (M 15, I have God) is set as an overtone simultaneously with two French secular texts: “Faux semblant m’a decü” and “Amours qui”. ha le pouvoir’.
Musically, Machaut contrasts the blessing of God in the Latin text with the disappointments of worldly love in the French lyrics.
Jacob’s Struggle With The Angel
Charles Wesley’s hymn “Come, O Unknown Traveler,” commonly known as “Jacob the Wrestling,” is based on the passage that describes Jacob wrestling with an angel. It is traditionally sung to the tune of St. Petersburg.
U2’s Bullet the Blue Sky, track 4 from their 1987 album The Joshua Tree, includes the lyrics “Jacob fought the angel and the angel was lost”. Isaac’s lyrics, a song from Madonna’s album Confessions on a Dance Floor, contain many references to the book of Gesis and refer to the angel in the verse of Jacob “fight the darkness, angels call your name”. Noah Reid released “Jacob’s Dream” as the second single from his 2020 sophomore album.
The song uses the metaphor of wrestling with angels to reveal, as Reid told Indie88, “blessings are hard to come by and they come at a cost.”
The “fighting angels” motif appears in novels such as Hermann Hesse’s Demian (1919), Dodie Smith’s I Capture the Castle (1948), and Margaret Laurce’s The Stone Angel (1964). In Once and Future King by T.H. White, Wart is defined as knowing that raising a hawk is “like Jacob fighting an angel.” The theme in the poem is “The Man Watching” by Rainer Maria Rilke (c. 1920), “Evangeline” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
Jacques Name Meaning & Origin
Herman Melville’s poem ‘Art’ and Emily Dickinson’s poem ‘A Little East of Jordan’ (Fr145B, 1860). The wrestling of angels in the theater is depicted in Tony Kushner’s play Angels in America (1990). The version featured in the miniseries adaptation is the 1865 version by Alexander Louis Leloir. In Jean-Luc Godard’s Passion, the image of Gustave Dore is a film dressed as an additional angel and Jerzy Radziwiłowicz’s response.
Sheila Heti’s novel Motherhood (2018) and David Fnario’s play Balconville (1979). The short story in Daniel Mallory Ortberg’s collection The Merry Spinster (2018) explores a version of the story told from the perspective of the angel Isaac Blessing Jacob, Govert Flinck’s painting of 1638. The name Jacob comes from the biblical story of the birth of Jacob, where Esau’s twin brother came out holding his heel.
Jacob is a common male name and a lesser known name.