What Causes Pain In Your Lower Abdomen

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What Causes Pain In Your Lower Abdomen

What Causes Pain In Your Lower Abdomen

Dr. Rafael Sepulveda Acosta is a board-certified physician with experience in internal medicine, pediatric and adult sleep medicine, and obesity medicine.

Large Intestine Pain

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Lower abdominal pain can range from mild to severe and can occur anywhere from the navel to the pelvis. Sometimes it’s just a vague, painful feeling that’s easy to ignore. Sometimes this comes in the form of a sharp, stabbing pain that can stop you in your tracks. And that’s normal – according to a study published in

, abdominal pain accounts for 10% to 12% of emergency room visits worldwide.[1]Mehta H. Abdominal pain. Clinical methods in emergency medicine. 2016; 22:32945. .

More serious causes of abdominal pain include gas, indigestion or constipation. Although these conditions usually do not require immediate attention, it can be difficult to determine the exact cause of abdominal discomfort. Also, the severity of your abdominal pain is not related to the severity of the condition causing it. For example, a viral stomach bug can cause severe pain, while more serious conditions, such as colon cancer, can cause little or no pain.

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Visualize a horizontal line drawn at the level of your navel. Any significant discomfort below this line is considered lower abdominal pain, says Carl V. Crawford, MD, gastroenterologist at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York. Sometimes the pain can be limited to a specific area that can be pinpointed, Dr. Crawford says. But sometimes it can be difficult to find its source.

That’s because this area is home to many internal organs, including the stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine, and large stomach, says Vanessa Mendez, MD, gastroenterologist, internist, and physician. lifestyle medicine specialist. and founder of the Forward Planted telemedicine practice. “Each of these organs has a different role in your digestive process and usually presents a problem in a slightly different way,” Dr. Mendez explained.

What Causes Pain In Your Lower Abdomen

Additionally, lower abdominal pain can be severe or chronic. Acute pain refers to a new problem that comes on suddenly, Dr. Mendez explains, however, pain you’ve had for a long time — whether persistent or mild — is considered chronic. Acute pain is often related to illness or injury and usually goes away with treatment. Chronic pain can last for months or years.

Reasons For Ovulation Pain

Recognizing whether the source of your lower abdominal pain is acute or chronic can help your healthcare provider determine the cause and determine the best treatment, says Dr. Méndez.

Location is also important. Doctors often examine the abdomen in four quadrants, as well as the epigastrium, or the midline between the breastbone and belly button, says Elena Ivanina, director of neurointegrative gastroenterology at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York. “The small intestine is usually in the center of the navel and the large intestine is ‘U’ shaped down to the edges of the abdomen and above,” he continued. According to Dr. Ivanina, the quadrants and their corresponding symbols include:

When it comes to lower abdominal pain, there are many possible causes. Some of the most common reasons are as follows.

Trapped gas often occurs as part of the digestion process, Dr. Crawford said. When we eat, we swallow air, and as food moves through the digestive tract, bacteria work to break down carbohydrates, producing gas as a byproduct. The result of this process is gases that can cause uncomfortable symptoms.

Symptoms Of Common Stomach And Digestive Problems

Symptoms: Pain from trapped gas is intense and can occur anywhere in the abdomen, belching, bloating, flatulence and flatulence. Generally, people feel better after passing gas, says Dr. Crawford. Gentle exercises like walking, yoga stretches, gentle abdominal massage, plenty of water, and cool tea can help relieve gas-related abdominal pain, says Dr. He Enriches Mendez.

According to the American College of Gastroenterology, approximately 10% to 15% of adults in the United States may have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)[2]. American College of Gastroenterology. Accessed on 09/10/2022. . A disorder of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, IBS causes chronic abdominal pain and changes in bowel habits, says Anirudh Setya, M.D., board-certified gastroenterologist at DiMaggio Children’s Hospital and Kidz Medical Services in Hollywood, Florida.

Because some gastrointestinal conditions must be ruled out by a gastroenterologist before a true diagnosis of IBS is made, IBS is called a diagnosis of exclusion, Dr. Mendez explained. Although the exact cause is unknown, IBS is thought to result from a malfunction in gut-brain communication, which leads to increased sensitivity of the intestinal organs and changes in muscle contraction in the gastrointestinal tract, adds- he.

What Causes Pain In Your Lower Abdomen

Symptoms: IBS pain is constant and occurs in the lower abdomen. Symptoms of IBS typically include abdominal pain, gas, bloating, and bowel changes including constipation, diarrhea, and loose stools. Common causes are stress and certain foods, such as milk and fermented sugar, says Dr. Setya says. Treatments range from dietary management to medications designed to manage bowel habits or pain. Crawford adds.

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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term that describes two diseases that include chronic inflammation of the intestines, explains Dr. dit Méndez. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that these two conditions – Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis – can affect up to 3 million people in the United States. Centers for Control and Prevention of Disasters. Accessed on 09/10/2022.

Symptoms: Common symptoms of ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, which are chronic conditions, are similar and include frequent diarrhea, lower abdominal pain, bleeding, fever, weight loss, fatigue and night sweats, explains Dr. dit Méndez. Treatment for these chronic conditions may include medication, bowel relaxation, or surgery.

If you have frequent bowel movements that are difficult or painful, you may be suffering from constipation. Satya said. This condition, which is often brought on by dietary triggers, malnutrition and stress, often occurs in people with no apparent underlying cause, he continues. And that’s normal – Dr. Mendez says constipation is the most common digestive complaint among his patients.

Symptoms: Constipation can be acute or chronic and often causes pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen. Symptoms of severe constipation include having three or fewer bowel movements per week, hard, lumpy stools that may be difficult to pass, and feeling like you haven’t passed all the stool. Bleeding can occur if the soft tissues of the anus are torn, Dr. says Setya says. Lifestyle changes such as drinking more water, eating more fiber, and exercising more can help resolve constipation, but if constipation persists or becomes chronic, it’s important to see a doctor.

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Chronic constipation due to a low-fiber diet is thought to lead to the formation of diverticula, or small pouch-like structures, in the colon. This condition is called diverticulosis. When these pockets become inflamed or infected, it’s called diverticulitis and is more common in adults over 60. said Mendez.

Symptoms: Acute diverticulitis is often felt in the left lower abdomen and may persist and last for several days. It can also be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, fever and constipation, Mendez said.

Symptoms: Symptoms of a urinary tract infection include a strong urge to urinate, pain or burning in the lower back, and burning when passing a small amount of urine. said Mendez. “The urine can smell bad and look old (cloudy or red-pink if there’s blood),” he continued. These serious illnesses are treatable

What Causes Pain In Your Lower Abdomen

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