How To Turn Kinetic Energy Into Electricity

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How To Turn Kinetic Energy Into Electricity

How To Turn Kinetic Energy Into Electricity

The car is Andrew’s jam, like the strawberry. After years as a die-hard car enthusiast, he began working in the automotive industry, starting as a social media director at a small European-focused garage outside of Chicago. From there, he entered the editorial field, writing several articles for a local Chicago shop and then Total 911 before becoming a full-time auto writer for Cars.

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The road is not as smooth as you. Your car’s suspension is constantly moving, and that movement creates kinetic energy that doesn’t really add anything. Audi hopes to change that with a new type of suspension that absorbs that energy and converts it into electricity.

Audi’s electromechanical rotary dampers (called eROT) replace traditional suspension systems. As the wheels move up and down the road, that motion is fed to rotary dampers, which transmit power to an electric motor, which converts it into electricity. It is intended to be connected to the 48-volt electrical system that Audi is developing for use in next-generation vehicles.

This not only opens up an advantage in power generation, but also better tuning of the suspension system. The dampers are individually adjustable for compression and rebound, so you won’t hit your head on the roof over potholes or feel like you’re riding on a pillow with no road feel. The system is smaller than traditional suspension setups, allowing for a tighter package and increased trunk clearance.

The electricity generated by the damper itself does not power the electric car, it generates a small wattage. Audi said the system produced between 100 and 150 watts of power per trip, but did not specify trip duration.

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Just when we think we’re pushing the boundaries of vehicle technology, something like this comes along and changes the fundamentals of the automobile. Telescopic dampers are not the final solution to suspension technology, and we still have a lot of untapped energy left.Rutgers researchers outline a potential system for harvesting the kinetic energy of vehicles from roads and bridges to generate sustainable electricity. . use of piezoelectric materials for pavements.

America’s roads serve the triple function of being the lifeblood of our economy, the conduits for many emergency services, and the link that connects Americans to each other and to the vast opportunity and beauty of our country.

Now, Dr. Hao Wang (Rutgers, Civil and Environmental Engineering) and his colleague Dr. Ahmed Safari (Rutgers, Materials Science, Engineering) have found a way for roads to serve another purpose: to be used as a sustainable energy source. . piezoelectric floor transducer.

How To Turn Kinetic Energy Into Electricity

Wang and his team have developed a system that captures the kinetic energy of a moving charge and converts it into electrical energy, using piezoelectric materials that generate electrical charges when subjected to mechanical stress.

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Using part of a grant from the University’s Transportation Center, USDOT supported initial research on energy harvesting from road and airport pavements. Wang also collaborated with two partner universities in Brazil and China, supported by the Rutgers Global Grant.

“We have developed an innovative energy harvesting module using an integrated approach of multi-physics modeling and laboratory testing. Our literature review revealed that the new design of piezoelectric transducers can produce much higher energy output than previous models,” said Wang.

“The mechanical energy of movement, especially for heavy trucks, can be converted into electricity in several ways. The mechanical stress of motion can be sensed by piezoelectric materials or cause the relative motion of an electromagnetic generator. Large amounts of solar energy absorbed by pavements can also be harvested using photovoltaic cells, heat flow or thermoelectric materials. Geothermal energy can also be collected through heat pumps and underground thermal energy storage,” explained Wang.

A cross-road diagram shows the different technologies that can be used for energy harvesting and storage. © Hao Wang, et al./Illustration by A. Thomas.

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Wang presented this topic as a keynote address at the International Conference on Transportation Infrastructure and Materials (ICTIM) in Tianjin, China in June 2018.

The first article provides an overview of energy harvesting techniques available for roads and bridges (vol. 212, pp. 1083-1094) to improve the overall sustainability of infrastructure by converting to renewable energy sources. The article compares the technologies in terms of energy production, cost-effectiveness, level of technology readiness, advantages and disadvantages, and government and industry support. The energy captured could be used to generate electricity, melt ice and snow, or power wireless sensors, lighting, alarms and structural condition monitoring devices, he said. The study’s co-authors are Abbas Jasim (who received his PhD from Rutgers in May 2018 and is now a professor at Al-Mustansiriya University, Iraq) and Xiaodan Chen (now a PhD candidate at Rutgers).

A second paper (vol. 224, pp. 438-447) examines the piezoelectric energy harvesting module developed at Rutgers. The performance of the module was evaluated based on its 1) output and mechanical failure; 2) if the voltage and power predicted by the numerical simulations agree with the experimental measurements; 3) if the output has increased compared to the increase in frequency and size of the load.

How To Turn Kinetic Energy Into Electricity

The new design uses parallel piezoelectric coefficients across the applied voltage, which produce more power than conventional designs with poles across the thickness of the PZT strip.

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In addition to Wang, team members on this project included Abbas Jasim, Greg Yesner, Ahmad Safari, Ali Maher, and Basili Basili from the Rutgers School of Engineering.

Wang and his team are launching a new project to harvest energy on New Jersey roads with a total of $350,000 in funding sponsored by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

© 2019, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. All rights reserved: Permission required to reuse any content.

If you would like to receive news (3-5 times a year) and other important announcements, please use this form. Electricity is a form of energy produced by electric charges. If an electrical charge is moving, it is kinetic electrical energy. Moving electrical charge is called electricity or current. If charge is stored, it is potential electrical energy. Electric charge comes from electrons, ions, or sometimes other charged particles, such as protons. Electrical energy is the ability to use force to move objects or do work. Every day you encounter electrical energy in the world around you.

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Every time you plug in an electrical appliance or use a battery, you encounter an example of electricity. Electrical energy is created by converting other forms of energy. For example, solar cells convert sunlight into electrical energy, and wind turbines convert kinetic energy into electrical energy. Sometimes electricity is generated in the form of static electricity, such as lightning or shocks when touching metal objects. Another electrical energy is electrochemical energy, which occurs in batteries; ion gradients in cells, muscles and nerves; and electric eel strikes.

Electrical energy comes from electrokinetic energy or electrical potential energy. But when an electric charge starts moving, it stops being ‘potential’ and becomes ‘kinetic’. Thus, sometimes the definition of electrical energy omits any reference to electrical potential energy. However, all electric charges have potential energy because they attract opposite charges or repel like charges. Experimental and numerical investigation of the cooling performance of beads and metal grids attached to photovoltaic modules

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How To Turn Kinetic Energy Into Electricity

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A featured article can be an original research article, a major new research paper that incorporates multiple methods and approaches, or a comprehensive review article that systematically reviews the most exciting scientific advances in a concise and detailed update of the latest advances in the field. . literature This type of article provides insight into future directions or potential applications of research.

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