September 28, 2022

Are We Descendants Of Adam And Eve – In recent years, Christian professionals have actively debated whether the “Adam story” can fit into evolutionary science (for an overview of the various positions, see this 2014 “scorecard” and the Adam and Eve question). Some say no, others say yes, proposing different scenarios that see Adam and Eve as real historical figures and accept scientific evidence of human evolution. However, in the debate, some have made premature claims (including some articles, recently updated) that evolutionary theory and population genetics reject the recent global human ancestor scenario.

, settlement of premature claims. Swamidas said that if we think about the birth of a child instead of a birth, it is possible that all the people who lived up to the time of Jesus descended from two who were just a few thousand years ago. He also stated that the couple could have done it

Are We Descendants Of Adam And Eve

Are We Descendants Of Adam And Eve

And they have descendants who have connections with the surrounding people. Swamidas argues that this new approach allows us to retain many elements of the “traditional Christian view” of Adam.

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Three important scholars are invited to participate in these debates: a theologian, an Old Testament scholar, and a theologian, all working at the intersection of science and Christian theology. We hope that their reviews will equip readers to speak with Adam and Eve.

Thomas McCall discusses how bringing the genealogical Adam into the conversation opens the door to a new way of thinking about the historical Adam. All scientific evidence points to the fact that if you go back far enough, all life on Earth is connected. common pitfalls. It turns out that applying the same research shows that every person alive today is descended from a man and a woman who walked our earth thousands of years ago.

There has been debate for decades about when these ancestors, known as I-chromosome Adam and Mitochondrial Eve, existed. Two studies published this week found that there is a good chance that, evolutionarily speaking, Adam and Eve existed at the same time.

Two pieces of DNA are responsible for starting these conflicts. One is the I chromosome, which is found in the nucleus of human cells and is passed from father to son. Another, much smaller part of the DNA is not found in the cell’s nucleus, but in its mitochondria, the tiny parts of the cell that provide its energy. Mitochondria are passed from mother to her children.

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These pieces of DNA are not joined together like normal chromosomes. This makes it easier to track changes that affect them, which can help trace their lineage.

A child’s mitochondrial DNA test can help trace their mother’s lineage, while an analysis of the child’s I chromosome can reveal their male lineage (of course, a girl does not have this option). This type of analysis, conducted by Alan Wilson of the University of California, Berkeley, can also tell us something about the time of origin of each. If mutations occur at a regular frequency over time, they can act as a molecular clock to tell when a population last shared a common piece of DNA.

In 1987, Wilson’s group used molecular clock analysis on the mitochondrial DNA of 147 people from different places around the world. Because the subjects were considered separate populations, the researchers concluded that all humans descended from a single woman who may have lived in Africa about 200,000 years ago. Over the past 20 years, their predictions have been challenged several times, but the rough patterns of these findings have withstood scrutiny.

Are We Descendants Of Adam And Eve

Similar research on the male I chromosome has been done in many places, but the statistical data of the research here are very different – from 60,000 years to 580,000 years ago. One possible reason for this large size is that not as many I chromosomes have been sequenced compared to the mitochondrial genome. Another reason is that there may be some very old families of I chromosomes that have survived to this day.

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Now, Carlos Bustamante of Stanford University and Paolo Franzlasi of the University of Sasri have independently attempted to determine when the I-chromosomal Adam might have originated. Both predicted and announced

Bustamante used 69 men from seven different countries around the world. They estimate the existence of the common ancestor between 120,000 and 156,000 years ago. Franzlasi took DNA samples from 1,204 men from Sardinia, who were found to be between 180,000 and 200,000 years old. This new estimate puts the age of I-chromosome Adam at about the same age as mitochondrial Eve, which makes it possible that they both walked the Earth at the same time, give or take a few thousand years, which is too close. Previous calculations go. .

Rebecca Kahn of the University of Hawaii, who participated in a study of mitochondrial function in 1987, writes

That these new analyzes are “nice and careful”. But Michael Hammer of the University of Arizona, an expert on the I-chromosome makeup of modern humans, isn’t so sure. His own analysis, published in March, suggests that the I-chromosomal Adam has been around for a long time. He said: “One of the reasons why these statistics have not increased as much as ours is that they do not sample the most diverse known I chromosome, which has only been found in a small area of ​​western Cameroon.

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“We have to take the numbers with a pinch of salt,” said Daniel Zadik of the University of Leicester. Small changes in the assumptions made for the calculations can significantly change the results. “These predictions should be interpreted with great caution in terms of what they tell us about human history or evolution,” Hamer added.

There is no reason to expect that the ancestor of all I chromosomes and the ancestor of all mitochondrial genomes lived at the same time. But this is more likely to occur due to severe population bottlenecks or phenomena such as isolated populations. Therefore, finding a narrow date for these two ancestors can help us understand the history of modern humans.

Write an article and join a growing community of over 150,700 students and researchers from 4,454 institutions. Ever since Charles Darwin proposed the theory of evolution, Christians have struggled to find Adam and Eve in evolution. According to the tractate of the first chapter of Genesis, God directly created Adam and Eve, and all human beings are descended from that first couple. However, many Christians reject this belief on the basis of the theory of evolution, which holds that humans, descendants of animals, first appeared on earth as a population rather than as a single pair created by God.

Are We Descendants Of Adam And Eve

S. Joshua Swamidas, an anthropologist at Washington University in St. Louis, wants to change the terms of this debate. In his book Adam and Eve Genealogy: The Surprising Science of Universal Origins, Swamidas refutes both the evolutionary and traditional readings of the Genesis creation account. Focusing on discoveries from his field of computational biology, he said Adam and Eve’s lineage should be traced using history, not genetics. Viewing the original debate through the lens of family, Swamidas presents a scenario in which the essential nature of Adam and Eve followed a similar evolutionary path thousands of years ago.

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The genealogy of Adam and Eve has great support from scientists, atheists, and Christian scholars throughout the origins debate. CT Science Editor Rebecca Randall interviews Swamidas about how his ideas can open new avenues of science-to-science communication.

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To share this article with your friends, use any of the social media sharing buttons on our site or simply copy the link below. In recent years, Christian theologians have heatedly debated whether the “historical Adam” can be reconciled with the theory of evolution. For an overview of the various positions, see this 2014 “Scorecard” and the Adam and Eve edition). Some say no, others say yes, proposing different scenarios that see Adam and Eve as real historical figures and accept scientific evidence of human evolution. However, in the debate, some have made premature claims (including some articles, recently updated) that evolutionary theory and population genetics reject the recent global human ancestor scenario.

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, settlement of premature claims. Swamidas said that if we think about the birth of a child instead of a birth, it is possible that all the people who lived up to the time of Jesus descended from two who were just a few thousand years ago. He also stated that the couple could have done it

And they have descendants who have connections with the surrounding people. Swamidas claimed that this new method allows us to retain many elements

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